Cryopreservation and hormonal induction of spermic urine in a novel species: The smooth-sided toad (Rhaebo guttatus)


Global amphibian declines have fueled an increased interest in amphibian assisted reproductive technologies. Within the genus Rhaebo, half of the species are experiencing decreasing population trends; however, insufficient information is available on many of these species’ reproductive biology. Using the smooth-sided toad, Rhaebo guttatus, we present effective methods for collecting and cryopreserving an example of Rhaebo sperm. Specifically, our findings show that administering 10 IU/g body weight of hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin) yields the most motile and concentrated sperm and that cryopreserving spermic urine in a solution of 5% DMFA (N,N-Dimethylformamide) and 10% trehalose returns sperm with a 33 ± 3% average post-thaw motility. These findings may represent an important step forward in developing techniques that can be safely applied to other, more vulnerable species within the Rhaebo genus.